If you know you have or will have high risk pregnancy, then you must consult your gynaecologist.
- Schedule a preconception appointment -If you are planning to become pregnant, consult your health care provider. She will advise you to take a daily prenatal vitamin and folic acid.
- Reach a healthy weight before pregnancy.
- If you have a medical condition, your treatment has to be adjusted to prepare for pregnancy.
- Your obstetrician will also discuss your risk of having a baby with genetic condition.
- Seek regular pre-natal care -Pre-natal visits can help your doctor to monitor your health and baby’s health. Depending on the condition you might be referred to a specialist in foetal medicine, genetic paediatrics or other areas.
- Eat a healthy diet – You will need more folic acid, iron, calcium and proteins. You have to consult a nutritionist if you have diabetes.
- Weight – Gaining the right amount of weight can support your baby’s health and make it easier to shed the extra pounds after delivery.
- Avoid risky substances – If you smoke and drink alcohol, quit. Before you start conceiving, get a go ahead from your doctor. Stop taking any supplements. If you have highrisk pregnancy, you might need some tests or procedures.
- Targeted ultrasound – This type of foetal ultrasound is an imaging technique that uses high frequency sound waves to produce images of the baby in the uterus. You doctor may use ultrasound to measure the cervical length.
- Lab tests – Your doctor will test your urine for UTI and screen you for infectious diseases.
- Biophysical profile – This is done to check the baby’s well being.
- Amniocentesis – During this procedure, a sample of fluid is withdrawn from the uterus after 15 weeks to identify some genetic conditions as well as neural tube defects.
- Chorionic villous sampling – During this procedure, a sample of cells is removed from the placenta between 10-12 weeks of pregnancy. It can identify genetic conditions.
- Cordocentesis – This is a diagnostic pre-natal test in which a sample of baby’s flood from the umbilical cord is taken. It will identify certain genetic disorders, blood conditions and infections.